Orthopaedic nurses provide treatment for patients suffering from musculoskeletal diseases and disorders. Typical musculoskeletal disorders that orthopaedic nurses provide treatment for include joint replacements, bone and joint fractures, genetic malformations, osteoporosis, degenerative bone disease and arthritis. Orthopaedic nurses first evaluate their patients level of functionality and amount of pain to help determine the best course of treatment. They can then provide their patient with recommendations to help remedy their discomfort by engaging in a rehabilitation program, having reconstructive surgery or managing their pain with prescription medications. The nurse might also suggest ways of altering the patients environment to make it more easily navigable for the patient. If the patient requires surgery the orthopaedic nurse will help prepare the patient and also provide assistance to the orthopaedic surgeon during the actual procedure. The orthopaedic nurse is trained to monitor neurovascular status, provide continuous motion therapy and provide external fixation care. The post-operative role of the orthopaedic nurse is to provide instructions to the patient about how to care for themselves and rehabilitate their body after undergoing surgery. Orthopaedic nurses also provide general education about musculoskeletal disorders and diseases; how they can be identified, remedy treatments and preventive methods.

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